Last Updated: June 04, 2022 Reading Time: 11 min

New World Expertise Guide


New World has a system called the Expertise System that affects your in-game gear score. Expertise refers to your maximum gear score of a particular item.  In our New World Expertise Guide, we’ll walk through everything you need to know to get your Expertise to 600!

How the Expertise System Works

The Expertise system starts once you hit level 60 in New World. At that point, you will need to increase your Expertise in each type of armor, weapon, and jewelry to 600. You will do so through loot drops and the Gypsum system (more on this later).

For example, if you have a helmet that has a gear score of 500, you kill a mob and that mob drops a helmet with a gear score of 510, the 510 is now your new Expertise for your gear score for your helmet slot. So, moving forward as long as you’re killing mobs that are capable of dropping items in that range, the range of items dropped for your helmet will now be in the 510 range. 

Each type of item, including weapons, armor, and jewelry has its own expertise. The exception to this rule is each weight of armor. Light, Medium, and heavy armor all share the same Expertise score for that slot (helm, gloves, etc). Each Weapon has its own expertise score as well.

You can see your current Expertise for a particular item when in your Gear Score / Inventory screen by looking at the indicators listed beside each type of gear. 

You CAN equip items of a higher gear score, however, it will NOT increase your Expertise for that gear slot.  We will talk more about how Expertise affects the performance of your gear later. Each level beyond level 60 enemies has a soft upper limit on the likelihood of receiving an Expertise increase.

Event reward containers, such as outpost rush, will respect your current Expertise and will also have a small chance of increasing it. 

Expertise Increase vs Enemy Level Chart

Expertise DropsLevel of Enemy
500-530 gear score itemslevel 61 Enemies
530-560 gear score itemslevel 62 Enemies
560-591 gear score itemslevel 63 Enemies
590-600 gear score itemsLevel 64+ Enemies

You can also utilize Gypsum for a guaranteed increase for a particular item slot (more about Gypsum below)

The system is not fully random. Each time you defeat a “level-appropriate” enemy you have a chance at an Expertise increase. If you do not receive an Expertise increase, you’re slightly more likely to see an increase the next time.  Enemies found in elite landmarks and expeditions have a higher base chance of increasing your Expertise score. As do level 60+ named enemies and Expedition Bosses will ALWAYS drop an item that increases your Expertise. The chance of receiving an expertise drop from an Elite Chest is higher than from defeating an Elite enemy.

How to Increase Your Expertise / Gear Score

The most optimal way to increase your Expertise is via the Gypsum System as crafting a Gypsum Cast will guarantee an Expertise Boost for your chosen gear slot.

The 2 most valuable Gypsum that you will want to obtain is both the Sapphire and Citrine Gypsum. This is because bosses in both Garden of Genesis and Lazarus Instrumentality will give you a guaranteed random bump in Expertise score, along with a Sapphire Gypsum that can be crafted into a Gypsum Cast for another guaranteed bump. You will also have the opportunity to receive additional bumps via the chests located in the dungeons. 

Also, in order to obtain the Citrine Gypsum, you will have to defeat an Arena boss. Upon defeating the arena boss you will receive a random guaranteed Expertise bump and your Citrine Gypsum that can be crafted into a Gypsum Cast.  

Elite Zone Farms

In addition to the Gypsum System, you can also farm Elite Zones and loot all of the Elite chests in the applicable areas for your level for a chance at a random Expertise bump. 

Please note that the Elite chest will have a higher chance of giving you an Expertise Bump vs the Elite bosses found in those areas. 

However, this does require a group. It’s recommended that when farming these areas you take no more than 2 groups with a total of 10 people. This will ensure both groups get a drop from the bosses that are killed, as well as the elite chests that are looted. 

If 3 groups are taken, only the 2 groups that have done the most DPS to the boss will receive the drop, thus lowering your chances of receiving loot from the boss. 

The Elite Chests will drop a couple of items per chest, each with an opportunity to increase your Expertise as long as you’re in the appropriate level range for your current Expertise. 

Even though Expedition bosses for the late-game dungeons do guarantee an Expertise increase, the cost of making the tuning orbs makes running them consistently pretty expensive. Therefore, this is a less expensive alternative. 

Locations to Increase Expertise per Level

500-525 Gear Score (Elite 61+) 

525-549 Gear Score (Elite 62+)

549-577 Gear Score (Elite 63+)

577-591 Gear Score (Elite 64+) 

591+ Gear Score  

Dungeons or Arenas (save all your keys until 591+ unless you’re farming Gypsum)

It’s very important to keep in mind that the Elite Chests are on a 24-hour cooldown. So, you can run your routes to farm the Elite zones, and then you can move into 60+ Portals to increase your gear score as well. You can also run Outpost Rush, but it has a very small chance of gear score increase (unless you’re getting Gypsum), so it’s not an optimal way to increase your Expertise. 

Solo/Small Group Options for Increasing Your Expertise / Gear Score

Utilizing the Gypsum System is the optimal method of increasing your Expertise as a solo player. You can solo queue daily for Outpost Rush for guaranteed Expertise Increases via the Gypsum system. You also have the options as a solo player to obtain Emerald Gypsum and to obtain Topaz Gypsum by farming level 55+ hostile creatures.

Farming Bosses, such as the boss spawn in Spryla Tower, are not a very effective method of increasing your Gear Score solo. The drop rate for Expertise increase is exceptionally low for the soloable bosses so farming Gypsum would be a much better option. 

However, it is possible to loot the chests in most Elite Zones as a solo player without killing the bosses. You can utilize our interactive map and plot a course for the Elite Chests in each zone. This often does require some climbing up mountains / dashing on rooftops to complete, but it can be done in an efficient manner. 

How Luck Affects Your Expertise in New World

Higher Luck does not directly increase the chance of increasing your Expertise. However, luck does improve your chances of getting rarer drops when farming for a higher Expertise.

Expertise Affect on Gear Performance

Expertise also governs the effectiveness of your gear. If your Expertise is lower than the equipped item for that gear slot, the effective gear score for that piece of gear will be in the middle of your Expetise and the gear score of that item. For Example, if your Hatchet Expertise is 500, and you equip a 560 Gear Score Hatchet, then your effective gear score for that weapon will be reduced to 530.

Exceptions to the Expertise System

Any item obtained prior to this change coming in 2022 will be grandfathered in. So, any items that have been crafted, earned for a quest, or purchased from the faction shop will not be affected by this change. So, if you purchase a Gear Score 600 timer prior to the change it will NOT be scaled down to your Expertise (if lower than 600) when the change is implemented on the live servers. 

It’s important to point out that the item will retain its inherent Gear Score. Therefore, as your Expertise increases for that slot, the effective Gear Score will also scale up for that item. So, using the same example above, if you have Expertise 520 for your hatchet and equip the 560 hatchets once you reach 530 Expertise for the hatchet your power will increase to 530 for that same 560 hatchets. 

Also important to note that you will still gain benefits from all perks and attributes on the higher gear score item. However, they will be scaled down in power as well. This is important because perks are very powerful. So, when you equip a Legendary Item you will not receive full effectiveness, but you will still be at an advantage because of the perks associated with that Legendary item. You can then grow into the item as your Expertise Increases. 

Gypsum and Gypsum Casts

Gypsum is a resource that is found by doing a variety of end-game activities. It can be crafted into Gypsum orbs which are then crafted into Gypsum Casts. A Gypsum cast is crafted for a specific type of gear, and when it’s opened it will guarantee an Expertise increase for that specific gear type, and you will receive an item of that type that will have the corresponding gear score. 

For example, if you really want to increase your fire staff Expertise then you can craft a fire staff Gypsum Cast and receive a guaranteed increase to your fire staff gear score along with a fire staff that has that increase of gear score associated with it. 

How to Obtain Gypsum

You can obtain Gypsum by engaging in 8 different activities as follows:

  • Obsidian Gypsum – defeating level 60+ open-world named bosses, typically found in Elite Landmarks
  • Sapphire Gypsum – defeating the final bosses of The Lazarus Instrumentality and Garden of Genesis
  • Ruby Gypsum – found in Outpost Rush Caches
  • Emerald Gypsum – found in Trade Skill Aptitude Reward Containers
  • Citrine Gypsum – found in Arena Caches
  • Amethyst Gypsum – found in Breach Caches
  • Topaz Gypsum – Requires consuming a special Attunement Potion. This potion can be crafted at an Arcana Station or Tier 5 camp. Once consumed, you simply need to kill level 55+ mobs until the Topaz Drops.
  • Diamond Gypsum – You can obtain Diamond Gypsum by gathering any type of node in Aeternum. This usually changes during Seasonal Events such as the Winter Convergence.

Each type of activity is a unique Gypsum, meaning you can not mix and match the Gypsum to Create an Orb. It takes 1 orb to create the Cast. Therefore, you must complete the above activities enough times to gain enough Gypsum to create an Orb of that type as follows: 

Number of Gypsum required to make a Gypsum Cast by Color

  • Obsidian – 3 Gypsum Needed
  • Sapphire – 1 Gypsum Needed
  • Ruby – 2 Gypsum Needed
  • Emerald – 1 Gypsum Needed
  • Citrine – 1 Gypsum Needed
  • Amethyst – 7 Gypsum Needed
  • Topaz – 5 Gypsum Needed
  • Diamond – 3 Gypsum Needed

After crafting the Orb you can then use the Orb to create a Cast of your choosing. Each type of Cast requires 1 Orb to craft.  

You can obtain multiple casts in a day by performing multiple of the above activities. There is an 18-hour cooldown on obtaining Gypsum of a particular type. After you have earned enough Gypsum to craft an orb you will no longer be rewarded Gypsum of that type from that particular activity. 

For example, you can run 2 Outpost Rush matches and receive 2 Gypsum to create your cast. If you run a 3rd Outpost Rush match you will not receive a Gypsum because it will then be on an 18-hour cooldown. You could, however, then move on to running corrupted breaches to earn additional Gypsum of that type for a second cast. 

You can obtain and keep Gypsum to later craft the Gypsum Orbs and Casts, but the cooldown timer will still be in effect. So, you can not stack 100 Gypsum and then simply craft 100 Casts in a day. The 18-hour cooldown timer will still apply after the craft of an Orb or a Cast. 

Topaz Gypsum Attunement Potion

The Topaz Gypsum works slightly differently than the other Gypsums. Obtaining the Topaz Gypsum only requires killing hostile enemies (not elites, any enemy) level 55+. Therefore, it is one of the easier Gypsum to obtain. 

You will have to craft an Attunement potion in order to be eligible to receive the Topaz Gypsum Drops. This potion can only be crafted once per day and only lasts for 60 minutes.

How to Use Gypsum

Once you have received enough Gypsum to craft an Orb you will then need to locate a Gypsum Kiln. The Kilns are only available in the End Game Zones:

  • Ebonscale Reach Settlement
  • Reekwater Settlement
  • Great Cleave Outposts 
  • Edengrove Outposts
  • Shattered Mountain Outposts

Once at a Kiln you can then use it to craft your Orb and craft your Cast. Crafting Both the Orb and the Cast will cost a minimal amount of coin. 

After you have your cast you can then use it to obtain your guaranteed bump in Expertise for that particular gear slot. The guaranteed increase ranges from 2 Expertise up to 5 Expertise. However, the maximum of 5 begins to scale down the closer you get to 600 Expertise for a particular gear piece. It takes on average 35 Casts to go from 500 to 600 Expertise. 

It’s important to note that you can earn a maximum of 8 Gypsum Casts within an 18-hour period (this includes special event Gypsum). However, you can only utilize 1 Gypsum Cast per Gear slot per 18 hours. There is an 18-hour cooldown on each type of Cast.

For example, you can not craft 8 Gypsum Casts for your Great Axe and increase the Expertise for that weapon 8 times in one day utilizing the Gypsum System. You would only be able to receive that 1 guaranteed bump for your Great Axe using the system, and would have to use the other 7 casts on 7 different gear slots. However, you could still obtain a random drop that increases your Expertise for a particular gear slot by doing other activities (Elite Chests, Outpost Rush, etc). 

New World Expertise Guide Conclusion

That completes are New world Expertise Guide. The next step to New World Progression is Umbral Shards. For more on Umbral Shards, check out our Umbral Shard guide.

Stream Team